Members of the GHP CollaborativeI include digital identity alliance ID2020, Mastercard, Airport Council International (ACI), Commons Project Foundation, COVID-19 Credentials Initiative, Hyperledger, the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC), Linux Foundation Public Health and IBM. They have all signed up to the GHP Principles, which are set out in the recently published white paper ‘Good Health Pass – A Safe Path to Global Reopening’.
The WHO currently advises against requiring vaccination proof for travel, the white paper acknowledges, but suggests this could change as the largest vaccination campaign in world history rolls out and the first doses of vaccines are delivered under the WHO’s Covax scheme.
The document also outlines the Good Health Pass Digital Trust Ecosystem. This is based on digital wallets holding digital IDs and health credentials which will require collaboration across a new global ecosystem of actors with varying degrees of familiarity. Below are the roles expected from each actor:
- Governments to set policies for national and international travel
- Health sector to deliver testing and vaccination services and data in accordance with these policies
- Travel sector to implement the policies, based upon available data, within its own framework of operational processes, and
- Technology sector to respond and deliver solutions to meet these needs – with speed and at scale.
The white paper also notes that a recent COVID test result is already required at some airports and international borders. And, faced with competing demands of restoring mobility and economic activity as well as protecting public health, governments, employers, educational institutions, airlines, sports, hospitality and event venues are considering proof of a recent negative test or vaccination as a condition of access.
The members of the Collaborative have all signed up to the 10 GHP Principles, the highlights of which are:
- Privacy & Data Security: Solutions should not contribute to the creation of new centralised data stores of sensitive personal information.
- User Control: Individuals must be able to determine where, when, with whom, and for what purposes their data is shared.
- Choice & Consent: Use of a GHP should be voluntary and consent-based.
Trust: Trust frameworks that govern relationships among public and private sectors stakeholders are required and include – to the extent feasible – civil society organisations that focus on equity and digital privacy.
Inclusivity: GHP solutions must be designed to equitably serve everyone, including those who may be socially, financially, digitally, or otherwise excluded. Alternative mechanisms should be available that offer a similar level of verifiability (eg. paper-based credentials with printed digital signatures).
Open Standards: Solutions must adhere to broadly accepted open standards and be built upon open technology to prevent vendor lock-in.
Interoperability: GHP solutions must be interoperable across institutional, sectoral, and geographic boundaries.
Extensibility: GHP principles and standards developed for international travel will be readily adaptable – and extensible – to other use cases for COVID-19 pandemic recovery and for seamless travel.
Social Responsibility: GHPs social and economic objectives should align with the principles outlined in the UN Global Compact for corporate social responsibility.
Urgency: A cross-sector effort is urgently required to bring GHP solutions to market in 2021 and to scale globally – with the same urgency applied to vaccine development.
The white paper concludes with a call to action, noting that it took 50 years to develop an internationally accepted standard for ePassports, but in the midst of a calamitous pandemic we do not have the luxury of time.